Monday, May 16, 2011

How to identify all the Corrupted Objects in the Database reported by RMAN


Step 1: Identify the corrupt blocks

Populate the v$database_block_corruption view with  information of all the corrupted blocks by executing the following command from RMAN:
RMAN> backup validate check logical database;

To make it faster, itt can be configured to use PARALLELISM with multiple channels:

RMAN> configure device type disk parallelism 4;
RMAN> backup validate check logical database;

OR

RMAN> run {
allocate channel d1 type disk;
allocate channel d2 type disk;
allocate channel d3 type disk;
allocate channel d4 type disk;
backup validate check logical database;
}

The corrupted blocks are listed in the view v$database_block_corruption:
select * from v$database_block_corruption;

Step 2: Identify the corrupt segments :
The next query can be run to map each block to a segment in the database.  It will map each block from v$database_block_corruption to either a segment or if the block is free.

SELECT e.owner, e.segment_type, e.segment_name, e.partition_name, c.file#
, greatest(e.block_id, c.block#) corr_start_block#
, least(e.block_id+e.blocks-1, c.block#+c.blocks-1) corr_end_block#
, least(e.block_id+e.blocks-1, c.block#+c.blocks-1)
- greatest(e.block_id, c.block#) + 1 blocks_corrupted
, null description
FROM dba_extents e, v$database_block_corruption c
WHERE e.file_id = c.file#
AND e.block_id <= c.block# + c.blocks - 1
AND e.block_id + e.blocks - 1 >= c.block#
UNION
SELECT s.owner, s.segment_type, s.segment_name, s.partition_name, c.file#
, header_block corr_start_block#
, header_block corr_end_block#
, 1 blocks_corrupted
, 'Segment Header' description
FROM dba_segments s, v$database_block_corruption c
WHERE s.header_file = c.file#
AND s.header_block between c.block# and c.block# + c.blocks - 1
UNION
SELECT null owner, null segment_type, null segment_name, null partition_name, c.file#
, greatest(f.block_id, c.block#) corr_start_block#
, least(f.block_id+f.blocks-1, c.block#+c.blocks-1) corr_end_block#
, least(f.block_id+f.blocks-1, c.block#+c.blocks-1)
- greatest(f.block_id, c.block#) + 1 blocks_corrupted
, 'Free Block' description
FROM dba_free_space f, v$database_block_corruption c
WHERE f.file_id = c.file#
AND f.block_id <= c.block# + c.blocks - 1
AND f.block_id + f.blocks - 1 >= c.block#
order by file#, corr_start_block#;


Regards,
Sukhwinder Singh

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